I’ll rent a scooter and toodle around
Mopeds and scooter rentals are great in the Caribbean or Greek Isles but less common in Costa Rica. In many places the hills are so steep a scooter cannot climb them and the narrow roads with no shoulders make it extremely dangerous – the majority of traffic fatalities are on motorcycles or scooters.
All tips are included in Costa Rica
While it’s true that a 10% “service tax” is added to restaurant bills (and bar tabs) it’s not a gratuity in the sense that the business usually keeps it. Nothing is added to bills for tour guides, drivers, bus boys, maids etc. All of these people work very hard for minimal base salaries and many have families to support so we recommend these tipping guidelines.
Costa Rica is an island
Um, nope. And it’s not the same place as Puerto Rico they are distinct geographically and politically although there is an imaginary amalgam of the two … see Costa Rico map.
Costa Rica’s roads are abominable
Okay so that’s not entirely a misconception, they are pretty abominable, but compared to what they were twenty years ago they’re marvels of modern paving. There are even a few km of modern limited access “freeways” using the term loosely and another hundred km of “highway” with occasional passing lanes.
For the most part though the roads are still narrow, two lane, winding and might have chickens in the middle. Guard rails and reflectors are popping up occasionally but are still pretty rare overall. What has improved immensely (believe me or not because they’re still be bad) are the potholes. You used to actually be able to literally lose a car in some of the potholes.
Costa Rica is cheap
Not particularly. For a developing country Costa Rica is surprisingly “no muy barata” especially compared to its Latin American compadres. Both the cost of living and the cost of visiting have more in common with Hawaii than Honduras especially in the middle/upper class.
Despite increasing affluence it’s still possible for budget travelers to find bargains, especially in the low/rainy season which brings us to the next misconception…
The Dry Season is December to April
This is one of the most pervasive and widespread bits of misinformation about Costa Rica.
The rains usually dissipate over most of the Pacific beaches and the cities of the central valley by the end of December.
Many years in the driest reaches of Guanacaste and the Nicoya peninsula the statement that “December is the Dry Season” is true but its not uncommon for the rains continue into mid-December and sometimes even through New Years over much of Costa Rica.
The Costa Rica Dry Season Myth – Part II
Not only is half or less of December dry, there’s another half truth hidden in the most common misconception about Costa Rica’s seasons. Barely half of Costa Rica even has a dry season…
In contrast to the Pacific’s dramatic swings between desert like conditions and daily tropical showers the Caribbean side experiences more consistent rainfall year round. In fact if there were a “dry season” for the east coast it would be when the rains diminish in September and October which are the wettest months on the west side.
The dry season myth arose because well over 80% of the population and all of the international destination resort investment is on the Pacific side of the Continental divide. However some very popular tourist destinations like Arenal volcano are on the Caribbean slope.
That phone number can’t be right, it’s got an extra digit
2694 – 0400 is a real phone number in Costa Rica. All the phone numbers are eight digits.
They all used to be seven digits but when cell phones were introduced they quickly ran out of numbers. So they decided to add a one digit “area code” at the beginning. Now cell phone numbers start with 8 while landlines start with 2 (a while back they ran out of 2’s and 8’s and started adding leading 6’s etc. but the 2/8 rule is still generally true). So a Costa Rican phone number is the country code (506) followed by eight digits.
Hopefully there’s a common misconception as part of the name “suicide shower” and it isn’t really suicidal to use one. These are a contraption about the size of a coffee can, usually made of white plastic and mounted in place of a shower head. “On demand” electric water heaters are safe when installed and used correctly.
The ground wire and ground fault interrupter receptacles and breakers that prevent shocks are expensive and frequently omitted in Costa Rican installations. While it’s disconcerting to stand in a puddle with live electrical wires duct taped to a water pipe we’ve used hundreds over the years and only had one shocking encounter. We’ve never heard of a confirmed shower electrocution in Costa Rica.
It can’t possibly snow in Costa Rica – it’s the tropics
Been there, seen that. It’s unusual enough that I was contacted by a meteorological researcher from the U.S. when she read about it, but I grew up in Colorado and know snow when I see it. It definitely Graupeled on us at the top of Chirripó on New Years eve. Our water bottles froze too, but that’s pretty common.
We’ve also seen an inch or more of hailstones accumulate at elevations as low as San José although it’s more common higher up.
Costa Rican food is boring
While Costa Rican food is not as spicy, varied or exotic as many tropical cuisines like Thai, Mexican, or Ethiopian it does have a unique character and interesting varied ingredients if you know where to look.
A Strangler Fig Wraps Up Another Tree and Chokes it to Death
Nearly every tour in Costa Rica mentions the story of how strangler figs start as seedlings in the top of another tree, drop roots to the ground and eventually smother and kill the original tree. In fact there’s no squeezing, smothering or “strangling” involved.
Since the strangler fig will only succeed if it can reach the open sunlight they sprout in the branches of very large mature trees. By the time the strangler fig is large enough to be considered competition for its host the host is usually declining to a natural death.
Don’t drink the water
Costa Rica mostly has excellent water. One of the driving forces behind the creation of the national parks, wildlife refuges and forest reserves system was protecting the watersheds.
Note: overbuilding, lack of planning and drought conditions have lowered many aquifers to the point that water quality is suffering. Arsenic and other natural contaminants are being concentrated, and tap water is no longer drinkable in some lowland and coastal areas. In 2016-18 the drought on the Pacific side was intensified by El Niño causing a nationally recognized crisis.
El Niño faded in August 2019 so Arsenic levels are dropping as the drought eases, aquifers refill and concentrations are diluted. Should be back to normal in 2020.
We need local money
U.S. dollars are accepted nearly everywhere and preferred many places. You’ll usually get your change in colones but in more than 20 years we’ve never had anyone refuse dollars – a few occasional grumbles but never a refusal. Once at a toll booth they insisted we dig through the seat cushions to find ¢100, but that was because they didn’t have change for a $5. If you are from Canada or Europe you’ll need either U.S. dollars or local colones.
Don’t eat raw fruits and vegetables
Never had a problem. If it’s at a restaurant it’s been washed in that high quality water that you can drink as we mentioned above. If it’s from a fruit stand or fresh off the tree wash it. If it’s from a modern supermarket wash it to get the pesticides off just like you would at home. If it’s a cashew read this first!
You always have to use the poopy paper basket
For those of you who have never been to Costa Rica the poopy paper basket is a waste basket next to the toilet for the purpose of depositing used paper. The majority of restrooms you use will have one along with a sign explaining its use and pleading that you do so for the sake of their septic system. Most systems in Costa Rica are way under capacity and poorly built so it is very difficult or impossible to pump them which is a required maintenance procedure every few years if you flush paper products and the system can’t keep up digesting them.
However if there is no sign you may be safe to flush away. Ticos grew up with the basket and can be baffled when there isn’t one. Our neighbors in Colorado hosted a Tica exchange student who took hers to the kitchen wastebasket at first.
Even new buildings with modern systems where it’s fine to flush usually provide a basket because they don’t want to pick up a pile off the floor.
One surprising place you won’t find a basket is the open air camp toilet at EdEase in the Osa wilderness.
You can travel to Costa Rica with a driver’s license instead of a passport
This misconception is fading because it’s been years since it was true but we still hear it every now and again.
For decades you could actually enter Costa Rica with nothing more than a valid U.S. driver’s license. I have no idea where they stamped the visa since we never tried it. Post 9/11 even if you could get into Costa Rica without a passport they wouldn’t let you back in your home country anyway so renew your passport.
If you’ve got one to share…let us know