Note: Uber is illegal in Costa Rica (see details). Like all laws in Costa Rica this is open to interpretation and some Uber drivers still operate under the radar. It is not illegal to be an Uber user only a driver and the only consequence for riders is that they may be stranded when their driver’s license plates are confiscated by the police.
Taxis are a viable method of transportation in the countryside as well as in the cities and towns of Costa Rica. They are reasonably economical (compared to tourist van transfers or rental cars) if you are traveling with two or more people.
|in Colones||City||Airport||Airport Van||Rural|
|waiting (per hour)||¢3650||¢3810||¢4635||¢4120|
|traffic (per 6 min)||¢640||¢810||¢930||¢795|
Data from ARESEP Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos.
|in U.S. Dollars||City||Airport||Airport Van||Rural|
|waiting (per hour)||$6.89||$7.19||$8.75||$7.77|
|traffic (per 6 min)||$1.20||$1.53||$1.75||$1.50|
The government agency that sets the fares ARESEP Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos changes them every few weeks. Most recently they went down ¢5 – ¢35 per km ($0.01 – $0.06). The point of telling you this isn’t so you can calculate your cab fare down to the last penny. It’s to point out that the changes are usually almost trivial and that if a driver’s meter does not exactly match the rates published here or elsewhere they are not necessarily trying to rip you off for a quarter. The rates probably really did change.
Taxis are typically about 10-15 times as expensive as public buses but become more affordable if there are 3-4 people sharing the cost.
Uber in Costa Rica
Uber rates are ¢500 ($0.95) for the first kilometer and ¢300 ($0.56) after that.
As they are in most countries, unlicensed private taxi services are illegal. Costa Rica has passed specific legislation prohibiting uber from operating and drivers from participating. Except for a couple of dramatic arrests for the TV news cameras when uber first started operations in August of 2015 the laws have had no impact.
Most uber drivers are in the central valley around San José but it’s growing continuously.
In San José a cab ride can provide as much value in information as transportation. The landmark based system of addresses and maze of streets through the Barios can be baffling to the uninitiated.
Official fares are approximately ¢600 per km plus “stopping time” of ¢640 for every period of more than six minutes stuck in traffic. Cab drivers are required to use a meter (referred to as a María); be sure to request its use (“Ponga la María por favor”).
Any attempt to collect a surcharge on Sundays, holidays or at night is a scam. There are no official off hour charges in Costa Rica. There is however a surcharge for airport taxis but it is built into the meter. The passenger is expected to pay any tolls.
Official taxis are red with triangular yellow emblems on the sides, a meter, and a white or yellow lighted sign on top (one licensed company “Taxi Aeropuerto” operates orange cabs and minibuses from the airport). When picking up or dropping off at SJO airport taxis are allowed to charge more (see rate table).
Avoid piratas (pirate cabs) or unlicensed taxis as they are frequently accused of gouging tourists. Occasionally there are reports of unlicensed drivers robbing and dumping their passengers.
Backcountry 4WD Taxis
Most of the taxis outside of San José are large, 4WD Landrovers and Range Rovers. The drivers know how to get everywhere or know who to ask, and often near national parks and biological reserves you will find that they are informative guides.
Meter use is not strictly enforced outside the San José metropolitan area or the meters are often “broken”. If no meter is available negotiate the fare in advance figuring $1.25 per km depending on your Spanish skills. It is customary and fair to charge extra when the trip includes unimproved or degraded roads (to Monteverde for example).
A good guideline for figuring how much you should pay to have a driver wait for you while you visit an attraction is the official rate of ¢4,120 per hour ($7.75) which is enforced in San José but negotiable in rural areas.
Taxi drivers usually congregate near the Parque Central, bus terminal or mercado in smaller towns.
Especially if you aren’t traveling on a tour or in a rental car, stash away $100 or so for a long taxi ride or two, and then use it. Grab a cab when the bus or plane is late, when your hike dumps you out on a highway 12 miles from the ranger station you thought you were going to end up next to, or when it’s raining at the beach and you would really rather be at the bar 20 km up the coast. You will have the power to convert a disappointment into a good time.
Around San José
Best Western Irazú to the National Museum (6.4 km – all the way across downtown) = $7.75 + 20 minutes traffic delay ($4.25) for a total of $12.00
Parque La Sabana to Gran Hotel Costa Rica (3.2 km – half way across downtown) = $3.85 + 15 minutes traffic delay ($3.00) for a total of $6.85
SJO International Airport to Downtown Alajuela (5km) = $7.85 car or $8.75 in a mini-van
SJO International Airport to Hilton Doubletree Cariarai (7.1 km) = $11.05 car or $12.45 in a mini-van
SJO International Airport to Coca Cola Bus Terminal Downtown San Jose (17.1 km) = $26.40 + 45 minutes traffic delay ($10.70) for a total of $37.10 car or $42.30 in a mini-van
SJO International Airport to Tobias Bolaños Airport Pavas (17.1 km) = $26.40 or $30.05 in a mini-van
SJO International Airport to Courtyard by Marriott Escazú (18.5 km) = $28.50 + $2.20 toll + 30 minutes traffic delay ($7.65) for a total of $38.35 car or $43.65 in a mini-van
By way of comparison the express bus from SJO to downtown San José is ¢585 or $1.10 per person. The bus is about 10 times cheaper if you split the cab between four people and the bus is about 40 times cheaper if you’re traveling solo.
In the countryside
Jacó Beach to Manuel Antonio (69 km) = $103.20
Manuel Antonio to Dominical (46 km) = $68.70
Playa Panama to LIR International Airport (21 km) = $31.20
Downtown La Fortuna to the trail head at Arenal National Park (17.1 km) wait 3 hours, then return to La Fortuna. $25.20 there + $23.30 waiting + $25.50 return = $74.30 official rural rate
Downtown La Fortuna to Monteverde Reserve (116.8 km) = $175.20 official rural rate
The official rate for longer routes in the countryside is only a rough guideline. If you aren’t willing to pay enough drivers are within their rights to refuse to take you. In urban areas it’s against regulations to refuse to provide service but in rural areas there’s no compulsion.
How much is enough depends a lot on the circumstances.
We’ve paid almost double the official rate on occasion when the driver figured he’d have to return empty. However we’ve paid less than 1/4 of the going rate when the driver had a cousin he hadn’t seen for a while in the town we were headed to and figured there was a good chance of a return fare.
Report Problems, Rip-offs or Inappropriate Behavior
If you have a problem with a taxi you can report it to bilingual staff at ARESEP’s toll free number: 800-027-3737 during business hours.