Please have all of your documents in order, all your i‘s dotted and t‘s crossed, because petty bureaucrats love nothing quite so much as rare, random, but rigid enforcement of seemingly arbitrary and capricious rules and regulations.
No matter how many “destination experts” on the travel forums try to tell you otherwise (“oh, they never check that…”) don’t get caught out being the exception when they do check.
International Flights to/from Costa Rica
- 3 hrs early and 1 hr to spare after check-in
- Self check-in Kiosks available mid 2019
- Passport valid on the day you return home
- Departure tax paid and the passport and other information on the receipt filled in before you get in line to check-in
- Empty all liquids before security
- Global Entry not required but recommended
Flying to Costa Rica
Every traveler needs their own passport (yes that includes one day old infants). If you are traveling on a U.S., Canadian or European Union Passport you do not have to apply for a visa in advance.
Currently (2019) Costa Rica requires that most visitors (see list of countries) hold a passport valid for one day – on the day they arrive. There are lots of outdated articles on the internet because historically immigration has required passports to be valid for periods varying from 30 days to six months.
Even though it’s technically possible it would be just plain stupid to travel on a passport that expired the day after you arrive. Your tourist entry stamp is only valid as long as your passport is valid and you wouldn’t be allowed back into your home country on an expired passport…but theoretically Costa Rican immigration will let you do it if you want to…
We typically renew our passports at least 90 days before they expire and if your passport is good for at least three months you’ll avoid potential problems.
Some other countries require advance Visa applications or have other passport validity requirements. Please see the website of the Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería for details.
If you have a round trip ticket with all the legs on one airline within a total of 90 days you are covered and can skip this section.
If not, you may need to present a printed out copy of the ticket for your flight home before you board your flight to Costa Rica and again when you arrive in Costa Rica.
If you’re leaving by bus, taxi or ox cart you will need some way to prove it. The authorities want to know that you’re not planning on moving to Costa Rica permanently without the appropriate residency status.
Despite dozens of inaccurate “Travel Expert” posts on TripAdvisor and Facebook saying “they never check that,” by mid 2019 it’s standard to require “proof of onward travel.”
For years enforcement was actually very rare but it did happen occasionally. In early 2018 Costa Rican immigration suddenly decided it was important but fortunately our airline was aware and the gate agent in Denver printed return tickets for everyone as we boarded our flight. On arrival the immigration officers checked the first few printouts but once they realized that everyone was prepared they stopped looking.
A ticket confirmation app on your phone works.
Each visitor is required to show they posses $US 100 for each 30 days or part of 30 days of their Visa. Since a standard tourist Visa is 90 days this means $US 300 per person.
We strongly advise that a family with three kids DOES NOT carry fifteen hundred bucks in cash – it’s a really good way to get mugged. In the rare cases we’ve seen this requirement enforced immigration accepted the possession of a credit card or showing an online bank statement as evidence of solvency.
We’ve been told by pierced and pony-tailed friends that the rule is mainly used to harass “undesirable looking elements” headed to the “hippie” gatherings of the Rainbow Family and Envision Fest.
Look at the stamp in your passport! We have seen Costa Rican immigration officials make several errors including
- neglecting to stamp the visa into the passport
- stamping the incorrect date (off by 5 months!)
- writing a completely illegible squiggle in for the duration of the visa (should say “90”)
If you don’t notice it becomes your (possibly serious and expensive) problem and you could face fines or delays at checkpoints while traveling, when you try to depart Costa Rica, or if you make a return visit.
Although 90 days is the standard length of a tourist entry permission it is not obligatory. You may receive 30 days or 1 day at the discretion of the agent wielding the stamp. There’s nothing you can do about it if you get less than you wanted but at least if you’re aware you can avoid the overstay fines and banning from returning by doing a border run.
There are a few other obscure requirements like a yellow fever vaccine if you’re arriving from some African or South American countries but it’s impractical to list every one for every possible country so if you have any doubts check with your embassy, consulate or airline.
The airlines try very hard to make sure they have all the requirements covered before they let you on the plane because they’re responsible for the cost of flying you home if you get turned back at the border.
Flying from Costa Rica
The accepted advice is to arrive at the airport 3 hours prior to international flights.
The recommended hour after checking in isn’t so you have time to get through security or buy a $14 slice of pizza (no kidding, bring your own snacks) in the terminal. This is so the Costa Rican government agencies have time to check up on you before letting you leave.
Usually you have some wiggle room on statements like “at least one hour in advance” but NOT in this case. The airlines are actually required by law to shut you out at the check-in window if your flight departs in less than an hour. The time is used to look for your passport on the OIJ most wanted list, confirm your immigration status, and most importantly find speeding tickets on your rental car.
We typically arrive 1.5 to 2 hours prior to our flight but we have priority status, global entry, and a willingness to miss our flight because we don’t mind being stuck in Costa Rica a few extra days.
Early in 2019 new kiosks for self check in allow travelers on some airlines to skip one of the lines.
If you followed our advice on the way down your passport will still be valid for at least a few weeks and you’ll have nothing to worry about.
The $29 per person departure/exit tax used to be paid in person but in 2014 the government announced it would be included in airfares. Five years later most tickets include the tax. Please see the current airline list and how to determine if you already paid.
For years Costa Rica allowed liquids through security but then confiscated them at a secondary check at the gate as you boarded the plane.
In 2016 they came in line with the rest of the world and you have to have the standard ziplock bag with little 100ml (3.4 oz) or smaller transparent liquid containers to pass through security. Beverages purchased on the concourse may now be carried onto the plane.
There are still sometimes secondary manual inspections at the gate before boarding so you may also want to be a bit more circumspect than normal about what you carry in your carry-on because the contents may be removed in full view of other passengers.
The U.S. TSA has rules on powdered substances in carry on luggage on international flights and quantities over 12 oz may be subject to secondary inspection. The most popular souvenir from Costa Rica is a 500 gr bag (approx 1 lb) of coffee.
A number of travelers have complained that their carry-on coffee has been confiscated. Security at LIR and SJO is sometimes a bit unclear on the concept and overzealous so we recommend that you put it in your checked bag or buy whole beans.
Besides coffee there are a few other unexpected items.
- We’ve had sea glass confiscated because of misinterpretations of the laws prohibiting collection of sea shells and other flotsam – sea glass is not protected under maritime ecology rules…it is garbage.
- When rules about Lithium batteries were introduced we lost a $30 brick of AA and AAA alkaline batteries to security because they didn’t understand the difference
- 9 times out of 10 my hiking pole breezes through security but once it took a supervisor’s intervention to prevent confiscation as a weapon
When in doubt it’s best to stick it in your checked bag. However, never put valuables in checked luggage – cash, camera, phone, laptop, tablet etc. – theft is a problem.
If you are from the U.S. and travel frequently by air you may want to consider the Global Entry/Federal ID/TSA-Pre program. We Love it.
It costs $100 for five years ($20 a year). There are other private programs that cost from $120 up to $180 per year but this is one case where the government version is just as good and almost ten times cheaper.
On U.S. domestic flights you skip the security line, keep your shoes on, leave your computer and other electronics in your bag and breeze through pre-check.
On international flights it only works in the U.S. airport but it lets you skip to the front of the customs and immigration lines and then also gets you through security if you have a connecting flight.